Participants in 2015 Peering Forum discuss global infrastructure development

The MSK-IX 11th Peering Forum opened in Moscow on December 10. The event’s format was traditional, with the first half of the day featuring a technical seminar, where experts from various companies discussed the latest developments in peering and traffic exchange. They shared their experience and presented new products that appeared in the industry this year.

The seminar began with the presentation of a large survey by Jim Cowie from DYN Research. He compared two Russian national domains, .RU and .РФ, paying special attention to the issue of content placement. Cowie explained his choice saying that those were two major domains that presented a picture typical of national domains. The survey showed that the biggest part of content is stored locally: 65% in .RU and 81% in .РФ. A delay in the Moscow-US-Moscow signal ranges from 100 to 250 milliseconds, depending on from which US coast, Western or Eastern, the signal is sent. This is critically high for interactive content and may lead to the loss of users. Therefore, local storages are important for many services, Cowie concluded.

Yegor Drobyshev of Sea-IX then spoke about the use of Looking Glass technology. He delivered a report on how to use it in Internet exchange points monitoring and shared many interesting examples as to how to get the complete picture of how IX performs. “It’s a very useful tool which makes it possible to monitor IX in real time,” Drobyshev said.

Maxim Rayevsky of IVI, jokingly criticized Internet operators and gave them some “bad advice on how to incorrectly connect to IX.” This was the title of his presentation, which featured his experience in working with a large client. He named many mistakes inexperienced managers make while connecting to the exchange points.

Maxim Kaminsky of Brain4Net and Sergei Monin of ARCCN spoke about SDN/NFV technology from the point of view of an operator, a customer and IX. There are a lot of nuances in the use of the technology for various kinds of users, and Kaminsky said that the mass introduction of SDN/NFV in Russia would probably start no earlier than in three years. Sergei Monin shared his experience in practical introduction and use of SDN/NFV in the exchange point.

Another important issue on the seminar’s agenda was network control and monitoring. Denis Matousek, who represented Netscope Technologies, told the participants about the use of FPGA network interfaces to analyze and monitor traffic.

Pavel Khramtsov of MSK-IX delivered a report about the recent attack on the DNS root servers all over the world, and about the Yeti project, which MSK-IX is taking part in.

The Yeti international experimental project is dedicated to the study of DNS service in the IPv6 environment. “Our involvement in the project helps us increase the quality of our services and improve the personnel’s skills,” Pavel Khramstov said.

Lev Bokshtein of Extreme Networks showed how local access points can be managed and what tools should be used. He analyzed the ways the participants in the forum accessed Wi-Fi, showed the data on the screen and named the user with biggest traffic consumption in the first three hours of work (while not disclosing the user’s personal information).

After the technical seminar, a meeting of the informal working group, “BGP: Towards a Better Protocol and Practices” took place. The event organizers and hosts, Andrei Robachevsky of ISOC and Alexander Azimov of Qrator Labs, invited delegates of the Peering Forum, who might be interested in the BGP protocol, to join them in searching for a solution to the current problems in this area. “The BGP protocol doesn’t have business rules and therefore many operators have difficulties with it. Other people’s mistakes affect us, and this may lead to global routing disruptions. The MANRS (Mutually Agreed Norms for Routing Security) initiative allows for avoiding these problems and making the networks stable,” Robachevsky said.